Comparisons and Word Formation | Link English Class 11

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BooksLink English Notes
Comparisons and Word Formation – Grammar
Class: 11

Look at the following examples and do the activities that follow.
Leather is stronger than plastic.
Plastic isn’t as stronger as leather.
Cars are more expensive than motorbikes.
Motorbikes aren’t as expensive as cars.
I write more carefully than he does.
She can swim faster than I can.
They are working as hard as they can.
He sings better than he dances.
That dog isn’t as dangerous as it looks.
Dolpa is the largest district of Nepal.
She has the most beautiful voice.

Example:

1. Fill in the gap with the help of suitable comparative words:
(a) More people live in Britain ……. in Switzerland.
(b) Britain has a ………. agricultural area ……….. Switzerland.
(c) Switzerland has ………….. population ……………. Britain.
(d) The main religion in Switzerland, Christianity, is the ……… in Britain.
(e) Tourism is ……. important in Switzerland as in Britain.

Answers:
(a) than (b) larger, than (c) less, than (d) same (e) as

Exercise:

1. Write sentences comparing the words given below. Use the words in brackets and began each sentence with the first word given.

Example 1: Kathmandu/ Dhankuta (big) Kathmandu……..
Answer: Kathmandu is bigger than Dhankuta.

Example 2: Pokhara/ Kathmandu (big) Pokhara……..
Answer: Pokhara is not as big as Kathmandu.

(a) rocks/ feather (heavy)
Rocks………

(b) Fish/human beings (intelligent)
Fish………

(c) Palpa/ Jhapa (flat)
Jhapa………

(d) The top of Mount Everest……..
(e) Cars/bicycle (expensive)
Cars …………

Word Formation
We can form a new word by adding prefix or suffix ahead or behind a word. It may have similar meaning to the old word or may have quite different from its old world.
Prefix: By adding un-, en-, im-, in-, dis etc.
happy — unhappy
possible — impossible
like — dislike

Suffix: By adding –ment, – able, – er, -est, -less,-ness etc.
large — larger
develop — development
replace — replaceable

Example:

1. Add appropriate prefix or suffix in the following words:
(i) usual (ii)satisfied (iii)child (iv) do (v) happy (vi) loyal

Answers:
(i) unusual (ii) unsatisfied (iii) children (iv) undo (v) happiness (iv) loyalist

Exercises:

(1) Make the following words negative by using both the negative prefixes dis and un- Cover, like, able, interested, satisfied.

(1) Add dis-or un – as appropriate to the following he words.
common, please, interested, popular, healthy, qualify, close, loyal, connect, conditional.

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