Reference Notes on Botany – Download | Biology Class 11

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FlowerBiology
HSEB Reference Notes of Botany
For: Science Class 11

Click on Label to view the the detail about file then click on “Download” to start downloading file. All the notes in file are accordance to the syllabus of HSEB. We have following Notes to download :

See this Also: Reference Notes on Zoology

Unit One : Introduction to Biology (Bio Molecules)
[ Not Avaliable, Coming soon ]
Biochemically important organic and inorganic molecules (general concepts) : Carbohydrate, protein, Lipid, nucleic acid, minerals and water.

Unit Two : Cell Biology
The cell : The cell as a unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, Structure and function of cell organelles and inclusions. Cell devision : A mitosis, mitosis, meiosis.

Unit Three : Biodiversity
Definition and scope of biodiversity, flora diversity of Nepal, concept of taxonomy : classification, binomial nomenclature, shortcoming of two kingdom classification, hierarchic system in classifications phylogeny. Five kingdom classification Monera, Protista, Mycota, Plantae and Animal.

Unit Four : Kingdom Monera
General account, structure and function of bacteria cells, concept of autotropic and heterotropic life styles, economic importance of bacteria. Cyanobacteria : Nostoc – Structure, reproduction and economic importance.

Unit Five : Mycota (Fungi)
[ Not-Available, Coming soon ]
Concept of Zygomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidomycetes and Deuteromycetes. Structure and reproduction of Zygomycetes (Mucur), Ascomycetes (Yeast). Economic importance of fungi.

Unit Six : Kingdom Plantae
Algae : Introduction to green, red and brown algae, structure and reproduction of Spirogyra. Bryophyta : Marchantia and Funaria ( morphology and life cycle). Pteridophyta : Dryopteris (morphology and life cycle ), Gynosperm : Brief morphological structure of Cycas and Pinus.

Unit Seven : Angiosperm
Morphology : root, steam, leaf, flower, fruit and seed. Taxonomy and economic importance of the following families; Cruciferae (Brassicaces), Solanaceae, Leguminose – Papilionoidae only, Compositae (Asteracae ) and Gramineae (Poaceae).

Unit Eight : Lichens
[ Not-Available, Coming soon ]
Introduction and economic importance.

Unit Nine : Virus
[ Not-Available, Coming soon ]
Structure and economic importance.

Unit Ten : Biota And Their Environment
Ecology : Definition, abiotic, biotic factor and their interaction. Concept of ecosystem, Pond and grassland ecosystems : structureal and functional aspect; food chain, trophic level, ecological pyramids, productivity, concept of community and succession. Bio-geochemical cycle : carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle. Ecological imbalance and its consequences : Green house effects, depletion of ozone layer and acid rain. Concept of mountain ecosystem (altitude and climatic dhanges ). Adapation : Hydrophyte, mesophyte and xerophyte.

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