Birthday of Pierre Curie (French Physicist)

Pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectric and radioactivity

Birthday of Pierre Curie (French Physicist)

Every enthusiast who is interested in the science must have heard the name “Pierre Curie”. He was one of the great scientists. He won the Noble Prize in 1903 in physics. He was born on 15th May 1859. He was educated by his father and in his early teens showed a strong aptitude for mathematics and geometry.  He earned his math degree at the age of 16. At the age of 18, he had already completed the equivalent of a higher degree.

He studied the ferromagnetism, paramagnetism, and diamagnetism for the doctoral thesis. Prior to his famous doctoral studies on magnetism, he designed and perfected an extremely sensitive torsion balance for measuring magnetic coefficients. He also discovered the effect of the temperature on the paramagnetism which is known as the “Curie’s Law”. Curie worked with his wife in isolating polonium and radium. They were the first to use the term "radioactivity"  and were first in its study.

Curie and one of his students, Albert Laborde, made the first discovery of nuclear energy, by identifying the continuous emission of the heat from radium particles. He received the Noble Prize in Physics in 1903 with his wife, Marie Sklodowska-Curie,  and Henri Becquerel  in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel.

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